Sustainability ESG Management: The Environment / Response to Climate Change (TCFD Recommendations)

Climate Change Response - Endorsement of the TCFD Recommendations -

The Company Group announced its endorsement of the “Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)” in January of 2023 in recognition of “Climate Change” as an important business challenge.

The Company Group is promoting sustainable management through corporate activities in order to achieve both sustainable growth and the possibility of a sustainable society. Based on our management philosophy of being “A Company Centered on Technology Development that Contributes to Society” we have identified IKO Group Materialities (important issues) from among various social issues and have implemented various initiatives for these. As one of these Materialities, we are focusing on “implementing corporate activities to realize a prosperous global environment” in response to climate change, and are disclosing the following important information related to climate change based on the TCFD recommendations.


In January 2022, the Company Group established a “Sustainability Committee” that is comprised of Company Directors with the President and CEO as the Chairperson. This committee holds meetings at least once every half period with the Corporate Planning Department and Personnel and General Affairs Department as the Secretariat Office, formulates basic policies on sustainability including climate-related issues, establishes promotion systems, identifies medium- and long-term risks and opportunities, formulates and reviews materiality and issues, and conducts regular reviews of implementation progress. These contents are then reported to the Board of Directors at least once every half period, and the Board of Directors oversees and gives guidance on the implementation progress of medium- and long-term targets as well as on risks and opportunities related to ESG issues for the whole Group. The Company Group has positioned initiatives for the environment such as measures for climate change as important issues for sustainable management, and are working under this promotion system to strengthen initiatives by each department.

Governance System Diagram on Climate-Related Issues
Governance System Diagram on Climate-Related Issues


Risks and opportunities where climate change issues impact Company Group business were assessed according to the following steps by referencing each risk/opportunity item indicated in the TCFD recommendations.
Analysis of policy and market trend transitions (transition risks/opportunities), and analysis of physical changes caused by disasters, etc. (physical risks/opportunities) were also conducted using the 1.5°C to 2°C scenario and 4°C scenario.

Analysis Process
Analysis Process
Impact and Measures for Risks and Opportunities
Risk Factor Impact on Business Time Axis Financial Impact Measures
Transition Risk
Policies and Regulations Carbon tax implementation / Increase in carbon tax rate Increased burden from carbon tax Long term Medium - Implementing renewable energy
- Implementing renewable energy - Implementing energy-saving equipment
Rising costs for raw materials due to carbon tax implementation Medium to long term Medium - Purchasing low carbon materials and parts
- Developing new low-carbon materials through collaboration with suppliers
Technology Implementation of low-carbon equipment Increased investment in latest equipment Medium term Medium - Considering investment through implementing ICP (Internal Carbon Pricing)
Popularization of renewable energy Increased costs for electricity due to rising short-term power generation costs Short to medium term Medium - Construction of solar power stations at internal/external sites, and formulating/implementing introduction plans
- Construction of solar power stations at internal/external sites, and formulating/implementing introduction plans - Realizing 100% renewable energy use at each business site through various means based on “Additionality”
Market Changes in customer demand Decreased demand for carbon negative business Medium term Major - Shifting to products that contribute to low carbon emissions
- Working to achieve longer product life
- Improving the response level to meet diversifying demands
Reputation Slow response to climate change Reduced sales in the European and US markets due to insufficient climate change measures and information disclosure Short to medium term Major - Implementing proper climate change measures and enhancing information disclosure
Physical risk
Chronic Average temperature rise Lower employee productivity due to worsening work environment Long term Major - Adding break rooms and installing spot air conditioner
Higher electricity costs due to increased use of air conditioning in heat treatment / surface treatment processes Medium to long term Medium - Implementing energy-saving air conditioners
Rising sea levels Lower production capacity resulting from disaster impact at company manufacturing bases (Production bases in Vietnam and China) Medium to long term Major - Formulating and continuous review of BCP at factories
Lower capacity utilization resulting from disaster impact to major suppliers Medium to long term Major - Expanding suppliers
- Formulating and continuous review of BCP at each supplier
Increased costs for factory transfer (Production bases in Vietnam and China) Medium to long term Major - Promoting investment in disaster mitigation
Acute Intensification of extreme weather Lowered production capacity caused by damage to company production bases due to flooding, and higher costs for handling damaged equipment (Production bases in Japan) Medium to long term Major - Regularly confirming hazard maps and reviewing the BCP
- Promoting investment in disaster mitigation
Resource efficiency Valuation of unused resources Reduction of slow moving inventory and costs for handling waste by reuse of rail mill ends Short to medium term Medium - Improving the accuracy of demand forecasting
- Reviewing operations for improving reuse rate
Reduced CO2 emissions Reduced burden from carbon tax Medium to long term Major - Implementing renewable energy
- Implementing energy-saving equipment
Energy source Popularization of renewable energy Reduced costs for purchasing electricity by reducing power generation costs from a long-term perspective Long term Medium - Procuring renewable energy through various methods
Products and services Contribution toward transitioning to a decarbonized society - Increasing demand for low-friction, durable bearings
- Increasing demand for “the oil-minimum” products
Medium term Major - Improving accuracy of demand predictions for efficient production, and shortening delivery dates by improving production lead time
- Developing “the oil-minimum” products
Market Promotion of electrification - Developing new Mechatronics series and increasing demand
- Increasing demand for bearings due to increased drive components
Short to medium term Major - Strengthening production capabilities by collaborating with partner companies
- Strengthening global production system including construction of new factories
Expansion of the EV and storage battery markets Increased demand for linear motion rolling guides and liquid crystal lubricants Short to medium term Major - Enhancing production capacity to meet future demand growth
- Establishing organization system allowing for further production innovation
Resilience Expansion of products compatible with the BCP Increase in demand for company products as disaster mitigation devices Medium to long term Major - Pursuing high-rigidity and quality

* Assumed period Short term: Up to 1 year / Medium term: 1 to 7 years / Long term: 7 to 27 years

* Financial impact assessments of risks and opportunities were conducted according to qualitative and quantitative impact on sales or profit based on published reports and advice from experts etc., and then categorized as either Major, Medium, or Minor.

Risk Management

Process for identifying and assessing climate-related risks

The Sustainability Committee holds discussions to identify risks and their impact on sustainable corporate activities for the Company Group in regards to climate change, which are included in the specified “IKO Group Materiality,” and gives a report on this to the Board of Directors at least once every half period. Also, in order to establish a management system for prevention, discovery, correction, and recurrence prevention for any risks that can occur related to business management including climate change risks, and to determine policies for responding to risks that occur, we established a “Risk Management Committee” comprised of Executive Directors including the President and CEO and full-time auditors, and built a risk management system.

Process for managing climate-related risks

The “Risk Management Committee” clarifies the orientation for controlling risks based on the risk assessment results conducted every year according to the “Risk Management Regulations,” and determines which departments or organization (committee, meeting body, etc.) need to respond for each identified risk item including climate change risks for implementing risk responses.
Major revisions are carried out every three years via risk assessment. Risks that need to be monitored and newly recognized risks are clarified based on the current status of risk measures. The probability of risk occurrence, impact of the risk on corporate value, and the response status to the risks are assessed using four levels, and we then identify the priority risks that need to be addressed.

Process for integrating climate-related risks into corporate risk management

Principally, the “Risk Management Committee” holds meetings every half period, report contents on the response status for each risk item are assessed, important decisions are made on organization-wide risk management including climate change risks, and discussion contents are reported to the Board of Directors.
For more information on the whole Company Group’s comprehensive risk management, see here.

Metrics and Targets

The Company Group calculates greenhouse gas emissions based on GHG Protocol standards for assessing and controlling the impact of climate-related issues on management. Currently, targets for reducing greenhouse gas are for NIPPON THOMPSON alone, and the goal is to achieve at least a 50% reduction by FY2031 compared to the standard emissions in FY2019 (Scope 1, 2) of 21,704 t-CO2, and we are working to achieve this.
Additionally, since FY2022, the “Environmental Committee” has taken the lead in calculating greenhouse gas emissions for the whole supply chain, which includes the whole Company Group. During FY2023, calculations were made for overseas offices for which calculations had not been made during the previous fiscal year, and regarding Scope 3 emissions, calculations were made for all target categories except for Category 9, which we are currently preparing. The Company Group’s greenhouse gas emissions for FY2023 were 3,377 t-CO2 for Scope 1, 28,753 t-CO2 for Scope 2, and 331,521 t-CO2 for Scope 3.
From now, in addition to improving calculation accuracy, we will strengthen our efforts to reduce emissions throughout the supply chain for achieving carbon neutrality by FY2051.

Greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1, 2, and 3)
Scope 1 and 2 emission trends (Individual, production departments outside Japan)

Initiatives to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Group believes that reducing greenhouse gas emissions is an important issue for realizing a rich global environment. At our domestic production centers, we have been installing solar panels since August 2013. In addition to promoting employee awareness of energy conservation by visual representations of power generation, the solar panels have also contributed to reducing CO2 emissions at power companies. In November 2021, we began to promote the use of renewable energy for inhouse consumption, for example, by using solar panels to supply electricity used for production at some of our factories. Currently, we are considering installing solar panels at other domestic and overseas production centers to further increase the ratio of electricity from renewable energy sources. We are also promoting energy-saving initiatives, such as replacing air-conditioning equipment that previously used heavy oil as a heat source with electric air conditioning and replaced fluorescent and mercury lamps with LED lighting. To achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, we will further strengthen our initiatives to reduce CO2 emissions.

Implementation of solar power generation

Implementation of solar power generation

We have gradually been implementing solar power generation systems so that the electricity used at our offices is from renewable energy. In addition to onsite PPA (2 locations), we have also concluded a virtual PPA, a first in the bearing industry, and have procured about 1.81 million kWh of power. Therefore, we expect to achieve a reduction in CO2 emission of about 720 t-CO2.

When it comes to procuring renewable energy, we believe that the perspective of “Additionality” is important for creating new renewable energy in the world, and will promote procurement of renewable energy from this perspective.

Implementing Energy Reduction Patrols at factories

Implementing Energy Reduction Patrols at factories

As part of our measures to prevent global warming, we conduct Energy Reduction Patrols every one to three months at our factory departments where energy-saving activities are being promoted. As part of these patrols, appointed members thoroughly inspect manufacturing sites. They search everywhere for hidden energy loss.

As a result of such activities, items such as air leaks at piping connection points and power supply to unused lighting and equipment were found, helping to save energy.

Implementation of LED lighting

Implementation of LED lighting

In the past, our factories used fluorescent lights and mercury lamps. However, not only do these have issues that occur over time such as power consumption and deterioration of the lighting fixtures, laws and regulations are gradually becoming more and more strict (industrial waste from products containing mercury).
When updating the lighting fixtures, we first considered whether lights were really needed at that location. If lighting was actually needed, LED lights where installed, which are long-lasting, help reduce cost and save energy. Also, when changing the lighting in offices, remote switches are installed so that each employee has an awareness of saving energy.

Changing the air conditioning equipment heat source from heavy oil to electricity

Changing the air conditioning equipment heat source from heavy oil to electricity

In the past, heavy oil was used as the heat source for our air conditioning equipment, which had various issues including use of limited resources and air pollution as well as the risk of leakage with the heavy oil tank.
When air conditioning equipment is updated, it is changed to equipment with an electric heat source. Such electric air conditioning equipment is very energy efficient, and the number of operating units can be controlled automatically according to the situation.

Since it can respond quickly to changes in load, the energy-saving rate has improved, which greatly contributes to CO2 reduction.